The technology of acceleration of athletes' adaptation to competitive activity on the basis of the differentiated approach is presented in the article: as the general principles of acceleration and optimization of adaptation were criteria and factors, defining adaptability and success of athletes performance irrespective of sports specialization; the differentiated approach was carried out on the personal basis. The main purpose of the technology of acceleration of adaptation process is its optimization, creation of conditions for the positive relation to a competitive situation, positive pre-starting conditions and focus on successful result taking into account the personal features of athlete. The technology carries invariant (general) and variety character, differing by personal features. The technology was applied in three groups, directing on the work with the general components and psychological factors of adaptation to competitions. The results of forming experiment showed efficiency both the general and variety technologies, based on the differentiated approach to athletes' adaptation to competitive activity by personal principle.