COUNTRY AND CITY PEOPLE - SAME RIGHTS AND NEEDS IN SPORT

COUNTRY AND CITY PEOPLE - SAME RIGHTS AND NEEDS IN SPORT

S.Dragutinovic, Z.Zivanovic

Faculty for Science and Mathematics, Kragujevac,
Faculty of Physical Culture, Belgrade,
Yugoslavia

It is hard to say how many people live in rural areas nowadays. In the past, agricultural population was more numerous (50% and more), but life in the country, with more obligations and difficulties, was considerably different from the convenient life in urban areas. This has caused migrations from the country into the cities. With a wish to have an "easier and better" life, familiar situation is left behind, and life is continued in a city, with many adaptation problem. However, today we can notice that people tend "go back". A lot of work is to be done by sociology demography researches.

We are interested in the degree of influence of sport and recreation (its existence and accessibility) on the migrations from country to the cities. Our experience and data show that it considerably influences the wish to change place of living due to easier work and better pastimes.

There are also theories that going in for sport is not necessary, or is less necessary, for people in the country. The reason for this is not knowing the real role and importance of physical culture. As proof for this statement, the following state was registered on the sampie of 3790 young people

country city
- 50 m run........................................... 7.9 7.5
- 800 m run......................................... 2.54.9 2.40.7
- ball-stone throwing (6kg)............. 7.0 8.70
- high jump........................................ 118 130
- climbing rope (3m)......................... 8.2 8.6

/VVV Center Novi Sad/

The above mentioned difference did not appear due to different interests, it was caused by the conditions which affect the state of things.

As far as the attitude and motivation of country population for sport are concerned, the following was found on the sample of 3650 subjects

- Are you interested in sport YES 79.73% NO 20.27%
- Do you think that sport contributes to
health improvement and better mood 
YES 93.70% NO 6.30%
- Do you know what recreation is YES 61.37% NO 38.63%
- How do you usually rest

I read newspapers or books........

31.78%

I lie down-sleep.............................

24.93%

I walk through the village............

19.18%

I do additional chores...................

16.95%

I go in for sport..............................

4.38%

- Can you relax after work by practicing
sports-recreation activities or hobbies

YES 52.87% NO 47.13%
- Which sport would you choose for recreation in your free time
football........................ 33.70%
athletics....................... 0.82%
chess............................ 13.42%
bowling........................ 0.82%
hunting-fishing.......... 12.05%
sking............................. 0.55%
volleyball..................... 6.06 %
gymnastics.................. 0.55%
basketball.................... 3.83%

marksmanship.............

0.55%

boxing..........................

3.58%
handball....................... 0.55%
riding............................ 1.09%
table tennis.................. 0.27%
swimming..................... 0.82%
car racing..................... 0.27%

- Would you help building sports
facilities in money or by working

YES 80.83% NO 19.17%

/Ostojic, S.- Banat/

Differences in attitudes and interests are not due to smaller wishes, but to the degree of possibility to satisfy peoples needs in their free time.

Negative influences of the speed of changes in life nowadays are present in the rural areas as well. This is way these people also need recreative compensation of biological character. Without healthy, strong, persistent, fast and agile country people we cannot expect good life neither in the country nor in towns, although they might have modern agricultural technical devices.

A person learns and creates in sport, but he/she should also be able to enjoy it. We believe in the logical and progressive sequence WORK-FAMILY-ORDER-RECREATION everywhere, both in the country and in the cities, all over the world.

REFERENCES

1. Ostojic, S. Stanje i problemi rekreactje potjoprivrednika. FFK, Beograd.

2. Central fizicke kulture Vojvodine, Novi Sad VVV

3. Zivanovic, Z. Narodni viseboj Beograd


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Dragutinovic, S. Country and city people - same rights and needs in sport / Dragutinovic S., Zivanovic Z. // Человек в мире спорта: Новые идеи, технологии, перспективы : Тез. докл. Междунар. конгр. - М., 1998. - Т. 2. - С. 456-457, 545-546.